Assistant U.S. Attorney General Thomas Perez
In the latest of a growing collection of blunt letters between powerful lawyers sparring over Alabama's immigration law, state Attorney General Luther Strange on Friday again rebuffed the U.S. Department of Justice over access to student information.
Earlier in the week, Assistant Attorney General Thomas Perez, head of the DOJ's Civil Rights Division, requested comprehensive enrollment and absence information directly from 39 districts with relatively high Hispanic populations. But Strange wrote back, "Your letter does not state your legal authority to demand the information or to compel its production. If you have such legal authority, please provide it to me by noon on Friday."
What Perez provided by that high noon was a letter that said, in part, "The Civil Rights Division of the Justice Department is tasked with investigating potential violations of civil rights laws that protect educational opportunities for schoolchildren ... In this regard, [we have] recently received complaints in Alabama...."
Perez's letter also pointed out that the Alabama Attorney General does not represent the administrators or districts the DOJ contacted.
But Perez's arguments didn't meet Strange's bar: Strange's reply reads, "Thank you for your letter of today's date, which I understand to confirm that your Office asserts no legal authority to compel production of the information that you are seeking."
Interim schools Superintendent Larry Craven, formerly the state school system's general counsel, had already told district-level superintendents not to comply with the DOJ request for information while the DOJ and the AG's office dispute the issue. Strange sent a letter to Craven Friday saying Perez had not shown any authority to demand the "extensive information," and that Strange hoped his letter would help Craven give "guidance" to district-level superintendents.
Federal courts have put on hold the part of Alabama's immigration law that requires schools to report the number (not the names) of students who can't provide proof of citizenship. That provision was in effect for only about two weeks before being blocked by the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals.
Strange's latest response to Perez also says, "My office is determined to see that our school children are protected from unlawful activity. Toward that end, would you please share with me any complaints that your division has recently received in Alabama? Perhaps that would help us to begin a joint endeavor."
Both sides in the letter-war are responsible for enforcing the applicable laws, and to do that, they need information. But there's overlap between the information required to do that and the information that would help one side or the other in the ongoing court battle over the immigration law itself, which Strange is defending from a DOJ challenge.
In 1982, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Plyler v. Doe that immigration status cannot be used to deny a child an education; students cannot legally be penalized for the immigration transgressions of their parents.
Photo of Thomas Perez by Ryan Reilly, Courtesy of Flickr; Home-page photo of Luther Strange courtesy of the state Attorney Genreral's website.