Birmingham-- Sometimes, poorly run disadvantaged schools defy the statistics and turn themselves around. Sometimes, they even achieve at a level so high they become national models for education in any neighborhood. In the conclusion of our series on "Turnaround Schools," Southern Education Desk reporter Dan Carsen picks up the story of an elementary school that did just that. How did it happen? It wasn't easy, but persistence, teamwork, and a belief in the students won out:
Before the Mobile County school system reconstituted George Hall in 2004, less than half its students were on grade level. Discipline problems spilled out into the neighborhood. Its reputation had plummeted to the level of its test scores.
But as state Superintendent Dr. Tommy Bice puts it, "It's remarkable to think where they were eight years ago and where they are today. The demographics of the students have not changed at all, but their academic achievement has soared."
The students at George Hall are 99 percent black and poor. And principal Terri Tomlinson points out, "The white children that are here are the children of our teachers, which really validates the work that we do in our building."
Dr. Bice says George Hall is an example of what schools can do "if you get the right people with the right mindset and the right support, and the right vision in place .... All those things that typically people use to say 'students can't do,' they're able to do."
It wasn't easy. When the school system cleared out the staff, the Alabama Education Association contested many of the mandatory transfers. And the neighborhood resented the new mainly white faculty. There were threats. People rubbed fish and shrimp guts on the school. But principal Terri Tomlinson and her staff would not be deterred.
"I think that's the key," she says. "No matter what happened, we came back every day."
That persistence helped bring the community around. Now, people lie about where their kids live so they can enroll them at George Hall. In the neighborhood, including the sprawling R.V. Taylor housing project, I couldn't find one person who'd criticize the school. I did find Lisa Ward, who went to Hall as a child. She's now a pre-k grandmother.
"I'm very excited about the school. As a matter of fact," she says with pride, "I was the one [who] encouraged my daughter to place him here. The curriculum that they have for the smaller kids ... they just seem to be excelling. And I actually went over to meet the principal and congratulate her firsthand and ask her to pass it on to the teachers."
Barbara Halloway, who also went to George Hall, recently moved back to the area. She has a daughter in third grade and has been hearing good things. She says her uncle's neighbor told her Hall was a great school, and she thinks its terrific reputation is deserved:
"I made a good choice. I love this school," she says.
These reactions speak to the tenacity that helped turn George Hall into a school that wins awards, attracts observers from other districts, and consistently keeps at least 95 percent of its students at or above grade level.
Tomlinson and her teachers work long hours. But passion and dedication without precision wouldn't cut it. State Superintendent Bice says, "They leave nothing about teaching and learning to chance. They're very strategic. They know where every child is. They have a plan ensure that they move from point A to point B. If they're not moving along that trajectory, they have a plan to intervene."
Teachers assess students very frequently, and principal Tomlinson analyzes the data every day. Faculty planning time is protected, and instructional time is guarded like treasure. Tomlinson says you practically need a letter from the Pope to get on the intercom, and teachers recently voted to lengthen the school day by 50 minutes.
Teachers use common lesson plans, and group planning sessions often span grade levels. Collaboration is key. Speaking of which, the whole staff is involved: custodians and cafeteria workers know to quiz the kids on the current school-wide reading or math themes. And then there are the Career Days, which are also open to parents and guardians.
And speaking of community outreach, staffers walk students home in massive lines. That keeps kids out of trouble and lets people who live along the route get to know them, not to mention the teachers who're literally going the extra mile.
There's a high-tech media center, which Tomlinson describes as "the heart of the school," and she says 12,000 books circulated through the school library in the first quarter.
In classes, the kids are charged up and engaged but not out of control. Staff and students walk with their heads up. It's an all-day team effort, and Principal Tomlinson thinks it can be repeated elsewhere:
"It's just very ... believable that transformation can take place -- no school, no community should ever settle for their child getting a less-than-quality education."
The success of George Hall brings up a question: Do you need to fix poverty before you can fix a school, or is it at least partly the other way around? Neither is easy. But clearly, George Hall proves fixing a school can be done.