| Birmingham -- 31-year-old Hunter Bell admits hes addicted.
Bell: Not only am I watching TV, but Im also listening to radio stations and also looking at the internet excuse me.
Bell was up till 3:30 in the morning early in the war. Since then hes scaled back a bit hitting the sack between midnight and 1 a.m. but he concedes the late nights are taking a temporary toll on his job at WBHM.
Bell: Yesterday I was very groggy and not quite focused. It took me a couple of hours to get in gear for work.
At the Sleep Disorders Center of Alabama, medical director Robert Doekel says sleep deprivation is a big problem a 100 billion dollar a year problem, when you take into account medical costs and lost worker productivity.
Doekel: If a person gets so sleep deprived they may fall asleep standing up.
Usually, though, its a lot more subtle than that. A study in this months issue of the journal Sleep finds that people who sleep only four to six hours a night, instead of the recommended 8 hours, have shorter attention spans and slower reaction times. Doekel says most sleep deprived workers probably dont even know theyre underperforming.
Doekel: And so if a person is sitting in front of a computer and theyre watching, theyre monitoring certain things happen, theyre actually having episodes of what we call micro-sleep. They may sit there and they may look like their eyes are wide open, but theyre missing the cue on the screen.
That means sleepy workers arent just inefficient they can be dangerous. The Chernobyl, 3 Mile Island, and the Exxon Valdez catastrophes have been tied to sleep-deprived workers. An estimated 40 million Americans are chronically ill with various sleep disorders. Twenty to 30 million more experience intermittent insomnia, especially in times of war or great stress. Still, Doekel says employers havent awakened up to the huge toll this takes on the workplace.
Doekel: There are a lot of operations that go 24 hours a day and theyll have people who are working these varied shifts. Now the most insane thing in the world, I think, that someone ever came up with, are these rotating shifts . One day the person may work a 7 to 3 shift and then theyll work the 3 to 11 shift.. then theyll work the 11 to 7 shift. And so their body never gets to adapt to a certain sleep wake schedule. Its folly! Its stupidity!
Workers who keep a more regular schedule may be lulled into thinking theyre getting enough sleep, but Doekel says theres one sure fire test. If you need an alarm to wake up youre not getting enough sleep!
~Tanya Ott, March 28, 2003